Harvest Time: 6 months
Payback Rate 25% in 240 days
Available Units: 380
Funding Goal: 1,000,000 KES
Soybean farming is one area that has not been explored much in Kenya and yet its demand is increasing by the day making manufacturers source soybeans from other countries and importing them to Kenya. However, there is a need to grow them locally and resources provided to the farmers
Soybean farming is one area that has not been explored much in Kenya and yet its demand is increasing by the day making manufacturers source soybeans from other countries and importing them to Kenya. However, there is a need to grow them locally and resources provided to the farmers. Kenya requires about 70,000 metric tonnes per year, but the supply hardly reaches 15,000 metric tonnes.
Soybeans are processed for their oil and protein for both animal feed industry and human consumption. Soybeans are processed and made into products including soy milk, soy flour, soy protein, and many retail food products.
Besides being a direct food source for humans, it is a major ingredient in animal feed processing industry.
Soybeans have very high levels of proteins reaching 52 percent of the total mass of a given seed. That makes it a perfect supplement of proteins in animal feeds,” he said.
In the cooking oil industry, the bean is preferred for extraction of the liquid to feed the growing appetite for fewer cholesterol foods.
Soybeans are also canned or packaged into simple foods like the now common Sossi from Promasidor Company.
Hill, Perry 41, SB19, Black Hawk, Red tanner, Composite, Duicker, EAI 3600, Gazelle, SCS-1, Sable
Altitude: 0-2000m above sea level
Rainfall: At least 400mm per annum
Soils: Well-drained and fertile soils, rich in calcium with a PH ranging from 5.6-7.0
Should be done during the dry spell to allow the trash to dry and rot, to expose soil-borne pests to the scorching sun. Harrow the soil to medium tilth desirable for bean production.
Planting should be done during the onset of rains. Plant 2 seeds per hole at a spacing of 30cm by 15cm and thin to 1 plant per hole.
2-3 hand weeding should be done or spray pre-emergence herbicides such as Alachlor or post-emergence herbicide eg Bentazon.
African bollworm: Use suitable insecticide such as karate.
Cotton aphids: Use suitable insecticides such as karate or match.
Semi-looper caterpillars: Spray using suitable insecticide eg Duduthrin, match or karate.
Nematodes: Practice crop rotation.
Bean fly: Destroy volunteer plants, early planting, avoid crop overlap, seed dress using chemicals such as thiodan.
Maturity index-Leaves start turning yellow, one pod per plant at harvesting stage turns brown. Yield range between 500-1000kg per hectare.